Horæ Apocalypticæ – Volume Four
Fifth Edition, 1862
Four volumes, 638, 576, 632, 738 pages
By E.B. Elliott
Horæ Apocalypticæ was first published in 1844. The work comprises four volumes and the book provided here is the fifth and last edition before Elliott’s death in 1871. The title means Hours with the Apocalypse. It is an exposition of the book of Revelation and related prophecies in Daniel and the other prophets.
Horæ Apocalypticæ is considered the “standard” historicist work on the book of Revelation, and the interpretation is generally followed by many subsequent authors down to our own day. Grattan Guinness considered it “the most important and valuable commentary on the Apocalypse which has ever been written” and writes, “Elliott’s Commentary was practically the work of the lifetime of one of the most learned and laborious expositors of modern times. Like Gibbon’s ‘History of the Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire,’ to which it frequently refers, it stands alone in its sphere, as a monumental work of surpassing value.”
Albert Barnes, who wrote a very good commentary on the book of Revelation around the same time, follows Elliott very closely (though Barnes’ views on the millennium in our view need caution; he was not a premillennialist—most of Albert Barnes’ commentary can be obtained with the free E-Sword Bible program).
The Horæ Apocalypticæ was called into existence by futurist attacks on the historicist interpretation of prophecy. It contains many useful appendices including a full history of the various interpreters and interpretations of the Revelation from early church times to Elliott’s own day.
The following is a brief summary of the historic interpretation of the seals given in this book:
1st Seal Roman Empire triumphant, 5 good emperors
2nd Seal Civil war, military domination
3rd Seal Oppressive taxation, depression
4th Seal War, famine, pestilence, wild beasts
5th Seal Persecution under Diocletion
6th Seal Fall of paganism (Constantine)
7th Seal Comprises the 7 Trumpets
1st Trumpet Goths (Alaric)
2nd Trumpet Vandals (Genseric)
3rd Trumpet Huns (Attila)
4th Trumpet Heruli (Odoacer), fall of the Western Empire
5th Trumpet Saracens and the rise of Islam
6th Trumpet Turks, fall of the Eastern Empire
7th Trumpet Comprises the 7 Vials
1st Vial French (or European) Revolution
2nd Vial Maritime wars (Nelson, Hood, etc.)
3rd Vial French Revolutionary wars
4th Vial Wars of Napoleon, fall of thrones
5th Vial Papacy loses lands and temporal power
6th Vial Drying up of the Turkish Empire
7th Vial Final European wars (in 1862 still future)
The visions of the beasts are interpreted as the various aspects of Rome, pagan and papal, and the vision of the “little book” as the era of the Reformation and re-publication of the Bible.
This book provides a wealth of historical evidence, including some 10,000 references and footnotes, and many engravings of coins and medallions.
This digital work produced by Mark Wattchow is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
Just so you know . . .We think these books contain good general explanations of Bible prophecy. That doesn’t mean we agree with them on every point, or agree with their authors on every subject.
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Some quotes from the book